Easton's Bible Dictionary


The Meeting of David and Abigail
"The Meeting of David and Abigail" Peter Paul Rubens 1630

Meaning: Father (i.e., "leader") of the dance, or "of joy."

(1) The sister of David, and wife of Jether an Ishmaelite (1 Chr. 2:16, 17). She was the mother of Amasa (2 Sam. 17:25).

(2) The wife of the churlish Nabal, who dwelt in the district of Carmel (1 Sam. 25:3). She showed great prudence and delicate management at a critical period of her husband's life. She was "a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance." After Nabal's death she became the wife of David (1 Sam. 25:14-42), and was his companion in all his future fortunes (1 Sam. 27:3; 30:5; 2 Sam. 2:2). By her David had a son called Chileab (2 Sam. 3:3), elsewhere called Daniel (1 Chr. 3:1).

Arab. = Abbreviation for "Arabic". Used to denote the Arabic variation of a word.
A.V. = Authorized Version of the Bible; same as King James Version; published in 1611
Gr. = Abbreviation for "Greek". Used to denote the Greek variation of a word.
Heb. = Abbreviation for "Hebrew". Used to denote the Hebrew variation of a word.
Lat. = Abbreviation for "Latin". Used to denote the Latin variation of a word.
LXX = The symbol employed for the Septuagint, a Greek translation of the Old Testament.
MSS. = Abbreviation for "Manuscripts".
q.v. = Abbreviation for the Latin phrase quod vide 'which see'. It is used to direct a reader to another part of a book for more information.
R.V. = Revised Version of the Bible; published in 1881-1885
source: Matthew George Easton; edited by
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